How to Get Around Prague: A Beginner’s Guide

The enchanting Czech capital has long been a bucket list destination – boasting awe-inspiring architecture, rich history, and a vibrant atmosphere.

To get a sense of what to do, check out our guide to 48 hours in Prague.

Between taking in the vistas, culture and the cold, cheep pilsner there’s more than enough to keep even the most energetic traveler busy, so efficient transport is essential! To make the most of your visit, here is our guide on how to get around Prague.

Public Transport

Photo of the Prague metro station Zlitsyn by Anet_S.

Prague boasts a modern, extensive, and affordable public transport network that caters to both locals and tourists. You can buy tickets at vending machines, information centers, some newsagents and mobile apps like PID Lítačka and Sejf (though these typically require a local phone number or a Czech debit card). Don’t forget to validate your ticket – and make sure to get it stamped on the right side so inspectors can see the time and date!

🚇 Prague Metro Tickets: 

The Prague Metro covers the city with three lines: A (Green), B (Yellow), and C (Red). This underground network provides quick connections to major attractions, like Prague Castle and the historic Old Town, as well as vibrant neigbourhoods and transportation hubs.

🚍 Prague Bus Tickets: 

Prague’s bus network includes 1500 buses – with plenty of 24-hour services. Utilize the NOL pass, a rechargeable smart card, to easily pay for Prague bus tickets.

If you’re wondering about how to get around Prague the easy way, you might also consider a Prague bus tour! This Hop-On Hop-Off bus is a hassle free way to discover the city’s iconic landmarks. With a single ticket, you can enjoy unlimited access to a double-decker bus tour with multiple stops covering major attractions like Prague Castle, Old Town Square, and Charles Bridge.

🚊 Prague Tram Tickets: 

Prague’s iconic tram system is an integral part of the city’s charm. With over 30 lines traversing Prague’s streets, Prague tram tickets allow you to immerse yourself in the city’s beauty while getting seamlessly from A to B. You can buy Prague tram tickets from vending machines at most tram stops. Machines accept cash as well as credit/debit cards, and have instructions in multiple languages, including English.

You can also make a day out of tram travel with the Prague Hop-On Hop-Off Historical Tram (Line 42). This Prague tram tour takes you through the city’s picturesque neighborhoods, showcasing the city’s architectural wonders, including the Castle, Strahov Monastery, and Petrin Hill.

🚖 Prague Taxi: 

In Prague, you can hail taxis on the street or book them in advance. Ensure the taxi you choose is registered and displays a visible fare meter. Additionally, popular ride-hailing services like Uber and local alternative Careem are available and widely used.

🛬 From the airport: 

Illuminated building of Terminal 1 of Vaclav Havel Airport Prague at twilight.
Terminal 1 of Vaclav Havel Airport Prague. Photo by BearFotos.

Getting to town from Prague Airport is fairly simple. You can take The Airport Express (AE) – a shuttle bus that operates between Prague Airport and Prague’s main train station, Hlavní Nádraží. In addition, public bus number 119 operates between Prague Airport and the Nádraží Veleslavín metro station (Line A).

Taxis are of course available outside the airport terminals. Make sure to use official airport taxis or reputable taxi services to avoid scams. It’s recommended to negotiate the price or ensure the taxi meter is used before the journey. Additionally, you can book a ride through services like Uber and Bolt.

🌊 Exploring Prague via water: 

The breathtaking Vltava River cuts through the heart of Prague – and a river cruise offers a great way to see the sights from a serene perspective. The City Sightseeing Prague bus tour is a great option as it includes audio commentary and an hour long river cruise.

For a more luxurious experience you could also book this three hour sightseeing cruise that includes dinner and live music – and make a romantic night of it.

🚶‍♀️Exploring Prague on Foot: 

Prague’s compact city center makes it a paradise for walkers. Lace up your comfortable shoes and get those steps in while exploring the city’s winding streets. This is the best mode of transport if you’re on the hunt for hidden gems, and endless photo opportunities.

You can also book a guided tour – Prague Ghost Tours come highly recommended for those looking for a spooky and historical excursaion.

🚲 Biking: 

Renting a bike is the perfect way to explor the outskirts of Prague. The city boasts numerous bike paths and trails that lead to beautiful parks and charming neighborhoods. Ride along the Vltava River, visit Letná Park, or venture further to Stromovka Park for a tranquil escape.

🌤️ Day Trips from Prague:

There are so many fantastic places to explore outside of the city – from the majestic gothic castle at Karlštejn Castle, to the relaxing and charming spa town of Karlovy Vary – and most are easily accessible by bus or train.

If you have the time, a trip to the Kutná Hora makes for an unforgettable detour. This UNESCO World Heritage Site is known for the Sedlec Ossuary  – AKA the Bone Church. This small, 14th century chapel gained its macabre reputation due to its interior, which is adorned with the skeletal remains of an estimated 40,000 to 70,000 people.

To reach Kutná Hora from Prague, you can take a direct train from Prague’s main railway station (Praha hlavní nádraží). From the Kutná Hora train station, it’s a short walk or local transportation ride to the Sedlec Ossuary. You can also book a tour, including a guide and transport, here (Link: Ossuary Tour)

When to visit Prague: A guide to all seasons

It’s location in the heart of Europe means Prague undergoes captivating seasonal transformations and is wonderful to visit year round. Some tips for your trip – depending on when you visit.

🌸 Spring and Autumn: 

These seasons offer pleasant weather and smaller crowds compared to the peak summer months. Spring blossoms bring Prague to life, while autumn paints the city with vibrant warm hues. Take advantage of the mild temperatures to explore outdoor attractions comfortably. Keep in mind that occasional rain showers do happen, so bring layers and maybe an umbrella!

☀️ Summer: 

Summer in Prague is glorious but attracts a significant number of tourists. To make the most of your visit, plan your itinerary wisely and book attractions and tours in advance to avoid long queues. Consider exploring attractions early in the morning or later in the afternoon to avoid peak hours.

❄️ Winter: 

Winter in Prague creates a magical atmosphere with its festive markets and potential snowfall. The number of tourists decreases during this season, providing an opportunity to see the sights without the crowds. Just wrap up warm and embrace the wintery romance of it all.

Ready to explore Prague? Here’s another helpful guide to 48 hours in the Czech Capital.

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